Emergency contraception alludes to strategies of contraception that can be used to avoid pregnancy after sexual intercourse. Emergency contraception is undertaken as soon as possible after unprotected sex , but you can take it up to five days later in a bid to prevent pregnancy. These are prescribed for use within 5 days but are more successful the sooner they are used after the act of unprotected intercourse.
Who Can Use Emergency Contraception?
Any woman or girl of reproductive age may require emergency contraception to dodge an undesirable pregnancy. There are no outright medical contraindications to the use of emergency contraception. There are no age limits for the use of crisis contraception.Â Criteria for the common use of a copper IUD to apply for use of a copper IUD for emergency purposes.
What Situation Should Emergency Contraception Be Used
- When no contraceptive has been used.
- Sexual assault when the woman was not protected by an effective contraceptive method.
- When there is a concern of possible contraceptive failure, from improper or incorrect use, such as:
- Condom breakage, slippage, or incorrect use;
- 3 or more consecutively missed combined oral contraceptive pills;
- More than 3 hours late from the usual time of intake of the progestogen-only pill (minipill), or more than 27 hours after the previous pill;
- More than 12 hours late from the usual time of intake of the desogestrel-containing pill (0.75 mg) or more than 36 hours after the previous pill;
- More than 2 weeks late for the norethisterone enanthate (NET-EN) progestogen-only injection;
- More than 4 weeks late for the depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) progestogen-only injection;
- More than 7 days late for the combined injectable contraceptive (CIC);
- Dislodgment, breakage, tearing, or early removal of a diaphragm or cervical cap;
- Failed withdrawal (e.g. Ejaculation in the vagina or on external genitalia)
How Effective Is Emergency Contraception?
In case levonorgestrel is taken as prescribed after unprotected sex, it’ll diminish the chances of a pregnancy happening. Around 7 out of each 8 ladies who would have gotten pregnant don’t end up getting pregnant. Be that as it may, research shows that levonorgestrel begins to lose its viability in ladies who are overweight or corpulent. Instead, an IUD is the proposed alternative in this group.Â An IUD can be up to 99% viable when embedded inside 5 to 7 days after unprotected intercourse.
In conclusion, Emergency contraception will not protect you from contracting an STD, such as HIV, the infection that causes Aids. The most ideal way to maintain a strategic distance from getting STDs is to constrain sexual contact with one uninfected partner. In the event that that’s not an alternative, use a latex condom correctly every time you’ve got sex